Edited July 27, 2016 by user1000 [11], The 6.5mm bullet was found to be too light for long-range fire support and anti-aircraft use, so in 1932 the heavier 8×63mm patron m/32 cartridge was developed. This basic mechanism was retained for all further designs of Browning machine guns, from the air-cooled 7.62-mm (0.3in) to the large 12.7-mm (0.5in) M2 weapons. Accordingly, the Browning M1917 machine-gun though reliable battlefield weapon, lost its water jacket early on, and its air-cooled version has been developed in 1918-19 to arm the Mark VIII series of tanks – the joint post-war British-American tank. As a partner for the infantry version, a special version was produced as M1919A5 for installation in tanks. r/battlefield_one: The Battlefield 1 subreddit. Non usava il meccanismo di blocco a ginocchiera della Maxim , il che la rendeva più leggera e maneggevole dei derivati contemporanei della Maxim, quali la Maschinengewehr 08 da 62 kg, e la mitragliatrice Vickers britannica, pur avendo la stessa affidabilità. [citation needed], Many of the 1917s were given to South Vietnam. Apart from the internal mechanics, another point that distinguished the M1917 from the British Vickers MG was the firing grip, for the Browning had a pistol grip and a conventional trigger. M1917 Browning machine guns were upgraded and modified to A1 specifications in a rebuild program in the 1920s and ’30s and an original M1917 Browning machine gun that has not been modified and upgraded is exceptionally rare. Colt commercially produced the M1917 under several names: A simplified, air-cooled version of the weapon, the Model 1919, was adopted after World War I and saw action in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Congo crisis. [5] With M1 ball, the M1917 had a maximum range of about 5,500 yd (5,000 m); with M2 ammunition, about 3,500 yd (3,200 m). Until the start of World War I, the Army had used a variety of older machine guns, like the M1895 Colt–Browning machine gun "Potato Digger" (which Browning had also designed) and weapons like the Maxim Gun, the Benet–Mercie M1909, and the Hotchkiss M1914 machine gun. A closer look at the two types of machine guns leads to many more differences, but gun grit in Browning is the most obvious distinguishing feature. These included a new baseplate, various parts made of steel rather than bronze, and an improved water cooling system. The bad thing was they weighed often in excess of 140-pounds with their mount and water-filled barrel shroud. غير مصنف browning m1919 ammo [citation needed], M1919A6 mounted on the tripod for an M1917. [5], The M1917 saw limited service in the later days of World War I. Later, I have learned programming and the development of computer games, and finally with the Internet, also web design. Nel 1890 John Moses Browning registrò un brevetto n. 678937 per una mitragliatrice, che migliorò fino a che produsse la M1917. The special AA tripod had elongated legs and chains to either secure the tripod or hang weights on it for extra stability. There was a special version for the US Air Force as M2 for rigid installation in the wings or as a mobile machine gun for gunners. He still could not arouse the interest of the US military at this time. Relatively few M1917 reached the US front troops in France before the armistice, although many were on the way there. Learn how your comment data is processed. However, if there was a commonality for all versions of the M1919 machine guns, then it was their reliability. M1919. The M1919A4 was primarily made as an infantry weapon and proved to be a first-class heavy machine gun capable of discharging enormous numbers of shots, putting away any kind of bad or hard handling. Browning M1917 and Browning M1919 machine guns. That’s why Browning had to resort to a gas mechanism for his first machine gun. In 1926, the Browning's rear sight was revised to incorporate scales for both the new M1 Ball (172-grain boat-tail bullet) and the M1906 (150-grain flat-base bullet) ammunition. A sub-variant, the M1918M1, was developed as a flexible version of the fixed M1918.[4]:28–29. Those who arrived were intensively used, as the M1917 was one of the few, pure American weapons of the US troops. Norwegian designation for the Colt MG 38 (mentioned in the following section) in 7,92 × 61 mm [no][4]:65, used as the standard heavy machine gun and anti-aircraft weapon for the Norwegian Army from 1929 to 1940. An early fix was to attach a roughly horseshoe-shaped steel bracket around the rearmost part of the receiver. [14] The modifications included new iron sights (V-notch rather than loophole), lengthened butt handle, lengthened barrel, simplified rifle lock for easier exchange of used-up barrels and better handling, mounting adapted for both anti-personnel and AA fire and sights and grips adapted to suit both purposes. A century ago, as the United States prepared to enter the Great War, John Moses Browning was ready with a water-cooled, belt-fed machine gun. Among all these types and with such a long production time, there have been many minor and major modifications and production changes, but the basic design of the M1919 has always been retained. The 1917 also had a simple sliding safety that blocked the trigger when moved to the far right position. However, the M1919A6 was made in large quantities and 43,479 pieces were produced. In certain cases a new designation was applied by the user nation. The original gun suffered from a weakness related to the design of the receiver. The machine gun typically required a six- to eight-man team to operate: one fired, one fed the ammunition, the rest helped to carry the weapon, its ammunition, and spare parts. Some were also sold to Belgium and Russia, but at the outbreak of the First World War, the 1895 model was already outdated. Some arrived too late for combat service. This weapon largely mimicked the lines established by the Hiram Maxim design and followed by the British Vickers 0.303 series. The reason for adoption of the Browning was cost: 50 machine guns using the Browning mechanism could be made for the same price as 30 Schwarzlose, which was discovered during the manufacture of Kulspruta m/22. The gun did continue to see service in some Third World armies well into the latter half of the 20th century. [8], The Model 1917 was called to service again in the Korean War. [17] The M/29 saw service in the 1940 Norwegian Campaign, often deployed as the only heavy weapon of Norwegian front line units. The disadvantages were the general unwieldiness of the weapon and the need to wear a mitten when the hot barrel had to be replaced. Vickers Gun gt WW2 Weapons. John Moses Browning had begun work on his first machine gun in 1889, when American forces were still reliant on the hand-operated Gatling gun and when Maxim had patented his recoil machine gun. The M1917 was immediately put into production in several factories, and it was manufactured in such quantities that no fewer than 68,000 could be completed by the end of the First World War. Instruction of American soldiers during the First World War for the Browning M1917. [citation needed] The last ones in regular US service were on the machine gun infiltration course at Fort Benning, Georgia, where their sustained-fire capability was an advantage in long nights of shooting over the heads of low-crawling trainees. Their weapons include the M-1 rifle, the carbine, 30-caliber and 50-caliber machine guns, the 2.36 bazooka, the 60mm mortar, the Browning automatic rifle. Chapters: 12.7 mm machine guns, M2 Browning machine gun, .50 BMG, M1917 Browning machine gun, Heavy machine gun, DShK, KPV heavy machine gun, Ckm wz.30, CIS 50MG, GAU-19, Breda-SAFAT machine gun, NSV machine gun, MG 11, XM312, Type 92 Heavy Machine Gun, 12.7x108mm, Afanasev A-12.7, Kord machine gun, Breda M37, Vickers .50 machine gun, M45 Quadmount, M85 … Browning submitted the patent for the new machine gun in 1901, but only in 1910 had enough funds to build a prototype. La MG 42 (abbreviazione del tedesco Maschinengewehr 42) era una mitragliatrice calibro 7,92 mm Mauser sviluppata dall'industria bellica della Germania nazista e entrata in servizio nel 1942. Fire Mode Magazine Size In total there were six variants of the basic M1919 machine gun. The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.The machine gun typically required a six to eight-man team to operate: one fired, one fed the ammunition, the rest helped to carry the weapon, its ammunition, and spare parts. While the US Arsenal at Rock Island was the leader in converting the existing stocks of M1917-series guns over to 1917A1 configuration, other arsenals took part. As this resulted in a heavier recoil, a spring-loaded cradle replaced the backplate with a heavily spring-loaded buffer that acted as an extension of the standard Browning recoil buffer. Also, most beltfeds were downward ejecting (Browning M1919, MG42, Browning M1917, Maxim/Vickers-Maxim, etc) until the PK and Minimi came along (which were more or less dedicated infantry weapons or biased towards infantry use). Browning heavy–12 in April, 14.6k by October, total 56,608 Vickers field… 1,021 in Jan to 103 Oct., total 12,125 Colt 2,816 Lewis field 291 in Jan. 2,500 total (note well the role of the Chauchat here!) The early M1917 model had an angled corner and a leather strap handle on top. Mortars and bazooka are recent additions to the police arsenal", Gothia Association for Weapon History on the Ksp m/36, "The Model 1917 Browning Water-Cooled Machine Gun", YouTube animation showing mechanism of Browning Model 1917 machine gun, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=M1917_Browning_machine_gun&oldid=993140561, World War I infantry weapons of the United States, World War II firearms of the United States, World War II infantry weapons of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 103 lb (47 kg) (gun, tripod, water, and ammunition), This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 00:47. During the battles in 1918, the M1917’s use on the battlefield proved relatively easy, and despite the haste with which it had been put into production and delivered to the troops, few problems seemed to have become known. Until 1966, the m/14-29 and m/36 machine guns could use both the 6.5mm and the 8 mm ammunition. It is part of the difficult to complete MASTERMAN easter egg collection, where a stage in the easter egg stage the grants a unique skin for the weapon upon completion. Other changes were implemented, some during the war, but not all M1917s received these updates. Your email address will not be published. Rock Island Arsenal also developed an all-steel water jacket that went into production around 1943; this was stronger than the earlier brass-capped jackets. A return spring now pushes the bolt forward on the barrel and fires the cartridge off and the whole process begins again from the beginning. 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